.gobump img{ border: 5px solid #ccc; float: left; margin: 15px; -webkit-transition: margin 0.5s ease-out; -moz-transition: margin 0.5s ease-out; -o-transition: margin 0.5s ease-out; border-radius: 5px 5px 5px 5px; } .gobump img:hover { margin-top: 2px; }


Thursday, January 28, 2010

Windows 7 Versions - Which Edition of Windows Seven is Suitable For You?

Well, Microsoft released multiple editions of its Windows 7 operating system with the intention of targeting different segments of its user base with different features at different price points.

However, Microsoft is expected to focus its marketing effort on just three editions - Home Premium, Professional and Ultimate. As a quick rule of thumb, Windows 7 Home Premium is targeted at consumers and Professional or Ultimate is targeted at small businesses.

Here is a list of the available six Windows 7 versions, in ascending order, from least to most advanced:

1) Starter

A lightweight edition for netbook computers. Netbooks are low-powered computers specifically designed for lightweight tasks such as web browsing and emailing.

In this edition, Windows 7 will lack more advanced features such as Media Center, Aero Glass, fast user switching, multiple-monitor support, DVD playback, and multitouch support. This edition is geared toward replacing Windows XP on inexpensive computers such as netbooks, a market that is currently dominated by Windows XP. This edition will likely be available only as a preinstallation by OEMs.

2) Home Basic

This edition is designated for emerging markets only; it is for customers who are looking for an inexpensive entry-level Windows experience (limited Aero support, no features such as Windows Media Center or multitouch support).

It is ideal for homes with basic computing needs like browsing the Internet, viewing photos, and the Mobility Center, while still providing a more secure environment to help protect you from harmful attacks.

3) Home Premium

This edition is designed to deliver productivity, entertainment, and security for home users and mobile PCs. This edition adds to the basic experience include features likeWindows Media Center, multitouch support, the Aero Glass experience, Tablet PC support for laptops, and premium games.

4) Professional

This edition is designed to meet the needs of small businesses. It will include features like advanced network backup, remote desktop access, Windows XP mode, Presentation mode in the Mobility Center, location-aware printing, and the encrypting file capability.

5) Enterprise

Windows 7 Enterprise designed to meet the needs of large, global organizations with complex IT infrastructures. It includes everything that Professional edition includes and adds BitLocker protection. It will have the option to encrypt USB flash drives and external hard disks. It also includes DirectAccess, which allows remote workers to access a company network securely without using a VPN, and federated search.

6) Ultimate

Windows 7 Ultimate combines every thing from all the editions into one complete package. It is really the same as the Enterprise edition. The key difference is that the Enterprise edition will be sold through volume licensing to companies, as well as through the Software Assurance program. The Ultimate edition, however, will be available to retail customers.

One key thing to note about the different Windows 7 versions is that each higher edition is a superset of its lower edition. That is, all the features available in Starter Edition will be available on the Home Basic edition, and the Home Premium edition will include all the features of Home Basic, and so on. So you will know that the Windows 7 Ultimate edition is the best.

Sunday, August 9, 2009

Creating a custom header for stretch templates

it is a little more difficult to effectively create a custom header for stretch templates as the width of such templates is fluid. However, with a few simple tricks, you can easily create a unique, clickable header for your blog which will look great no matter how wide (or narrow) the browser viewing your blog.

I’m going to use the Minima Stretch template, though I
will also include notes applicable t
o the Denim Stretch template too.

The best way to use a custom header for a stretch template…
…is to create a logo or header image with a block background color !

This ensures that your header wi
ll appear normally in any size of browser window, whether this is a narrow monitor or widescreen laptop.

An effective method is to use a logo or badge, alongside your blogs’ title. If you ensure the width of the whole “banner ” is no wider than around 700px, you can be certain that the whole header will display properly in older browsers.

I used Photoshop to create the header for this demonstration, though you could just as easily use GiMP, CorelDraw or your favorite image editing program10.
Firstly I created a background which is 700 pixels wide and 100px tall.

You can make your own header banner taller than this if you prefer.

Then, I filled the background with a dark red color (hex value: #333333).

Ensure you have the hex value of your background color as you will need to use this value later on in this tutorial.

Secondly, I added the blog title in white text11 with a little shading to ensure this stands out from the background (there are loads of excellent free fonts available from DaFont12).

I aligned this title to the right o
f the image, leaving space to the left so I can add a logo afterwards.
Here is what the header banner looks like at this stage:

Now I’d like to add a contrasting logo to the left of the header title, which will add some personality to the head section of the design. If you already have your own logo, you can simply paste this beside your header. However, for this template I’m going to use a badge style logo created using the free service from FreshBadge.com13. I created a badge using variants of red, and changed the size to 70pixels in height. Then I pasted this badge into my header banner, to the left of the title text, and saved the completed banner in GIF format:

Upload your image to Blogger To use this banner as the header, we will upload this to Blogger using the in-built image upload feature. Simply go to Template>Page Elements in your Blogger dashboards and click on the “edit” link in the header widget.

Choose to upload a new image from your computer and browse to the location where you have saved your custom banner design.

Upload this to Blogger, and check the radio box
which says “Use instead of title and description”.

This ensures that your blog’s name will still appear in the top right of your browser, but nothing will interfere with the appearance of your new header banner. After uploading my header to Blogger, the template appears like this:

Blend the banner with the background of the header So far, the header banner doesn’t blend with the background of the header at all. We need to add a background color to the header section which is the same value as the background of our banner, which ensures it blends seamlessly.

To do this, go to Template>Edit HTML in your blogger dashboard, and find the following section of code near the beginning of the section: #header -wrapper { margin:0 2% 10px;
border:1px solid $bordercolor; } Here we will add a background color with the same hex value as the background of the banner (in my example, this is #333333). So add the line highlighted in red to this section of code, substituting the hex value for that of your own banner background color: #header -wrapper { margin:0 2% 10px; background: #333333; border:1px solid $bordercolor; } Now, my demonstration template looks like this:

Now this is looking better, wht say........................................

Thursday, June 25, 2009


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Creating a Directory in Linux

The mkdir (make directory) command is used to create directories.

[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ mkdir prog-files
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ -

The sub-directory, prog-files, is created under the current directory. However, the new directory does not become the current directory. Complete path names can be specified with mkdir.


[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ mkdir /tmp/prog-files
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ _

In the above example, the directory, prog-files, is created under the /tmp directory.


Identifying the Current Directory Path

The pwd (print working directory) command is used to display the full path name of the current directory.

[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhostb Steve] $ _

Here, /home/Steve is the directory in which the user is currently working.

Changing the Current Directory

The cd (change directory) command changes the current directory to the directory specified.

Assume that Steve has logged in and has given the following command:

[Steve@localhost Steve ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ cd /usr/bin
[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ _

Note that the complete path name has been specified with the cd command. Linux also allows the use of relative path names with commands. Let' s look at an example.


[ Steve@localhost /usr ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost /usr ] $ cd bin
[ Steve@localhost bin] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost bin ] $ _

In the above example, the user, Steve, changed the working directory from /usr to the directory, /usr/bin. However, he did not mention the full path of the bin directory. Since bin is a sub-directory in the current working directory, Steve just specified the directory name and Linux interpreted that the directory is under the current directory.

You can also use the .. (double dot) option with the cd command to move to the parent directory of your current directory. For example, Steve can enter the following command after logging in, to change to the parent directory of his HOME directory.


[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ cd . .
[ Steve@localhost /home ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost /home ] $ cd . .
[ Steve@localhost / ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost / ] $ _

The two dots refere to the parent directory of the current directory. Note that there has to be a space between cd and two dots, but not between the dots.

The cd command without any path name always takes a user back to the HOME directory.


[ Steve@localhost bin ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost bin ] $ cd
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ _

Recollect that the tilde ( - ) sign is used to denote the full path for your HOME directory. Let' s say there are two directories, baseball and basketball, under Steve' s HOME directory.

[ Steve@localhost vga ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost vga ] $ cd -/baseball
[ Steve@localhost baseball ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost baseball ] $ cd -
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ _

You can use a combination of all the above options in your cd command. Let us look at an example, if Steve wants to move from the directory data1 to data2, he would issue the following cd command.

[ Steve@localhost data1 ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost data1 ] $ cd . . /data2
[ Steve@localhost data2 ] $ pwd
[ Steve@localhost data2 ] $ _

Listing the Contents of a Directory in Linux

The is command is used to display the names of the files and sub-directories in a directory.


[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ 1s /home/Steve
DEADJOE X baseball comm tennis
Desktop a.out basketball program.cc
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ _

In the above example , all the files and directories under the directory named Steve are listed. If the files and directories under the current directory are to be listed, it is optional to specify the directory name with 1s.

In the above output, you are shown the file names but not the types of files. The -1 option, when used with 1s displays a detailed list of files and directories

Removing a Directory in Linux

The rmdir (remove directory) command removes the directory specified.


[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ rmdir prog-files
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ _

Here, the prog-files directory is deleted.

A directory can be deleted using the rmdir command only if it is:

1) Empty (does not contain files or sub-directories)

2) Not the current directory

Complete path names may also be specified with rmdir.


[ Steve@localhost Steve] $ rmdir /home/Steve/tennis
[ Steve@localhost Steve ] $ _

The above command removes the tennis directory, which is located in Steve' s HOME directory.

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